Functional Richness and Relative Resilience of Bird Communities in Regions with Different Land Use Intensities
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Empirical estimates of the function and resilience of communities under different management regimes can provide valuable information for sustainable natural resource management, but such estimates are scarce to date. We quantified the functional richness and relative resilience of bird communities inhabiting five regions in southeastern Australia that represented different management regimes. First, we show that functional richness and relative resilience were reduced at species-poor sites in all regions. Second, we show that bird communities in agricultural regions had fewer body mass groups and fewer functional groups than expected by chance. This suggests that both the function and the resilience of bird communities in agricultural regions were reduced. The likely mechanisms for the observed loss of function and relative resilience are: (1) the simplification of landscape texture resulting in selective extinction of certain body mass groups; and (2) the selective extinction of certain functional groups that are particularly sensitive to intensive land use.
- Allen CR, Gunderson L, Johnson AR. 2005. The use of discontinuities and functional groups to assess relative resilience in complex systems. Ecosystems 8:958–66. CrossRef
- Allen CR, Garmestani AS, Havlicek TD, Marquet PA, Peterson GD, Restrepo C, Stow CA, Weeks BE. 2006. Patterns in body mass distributions: sifting among alternative hypotheses. Ecol Lett 9:630–43. CrossRef
- Allison G. 2004. The influence of species diversity and stress intensity on community resistance and resilience. Ecol Monogr 74:117–34. CrossRef
- Belyea LR, Lancaster J. 1999. Assembly rules within a contingent ecology. Oikos 86:402–16. CrossRef
- Bennett EM, Cumming GS, Peterson GD. 2005. A systems model approach to determining resilience surrogates for case studies. Ecosystems 8:945–57. CrossRef
- Calder III WA. 1984. Size, function and life history. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Cumming GS, Barnes G, Perz S, Schmink M, Sieving KE, Southworth J, Binford M, Holt RD, Stickler C, van Holt T. 2005. An exploratory framework for the empirical measurement of resilience. Ecosystems 8:975–87. CrossRef
- Diamond JM. 1975. Assembly of species communities. In: Cody ML, Diamond JM, Eds. Ecology and evolution of communities. Harvard University Press, London, pp 342–444.
- Elmqvist T, Folke C, Nystrom M, Peterson G, Bengtsson J, Walker B, Norberg J. 2003. Response diversity, ecosystem change, and resilience. Front Ecol Environ 1:488–94.
- Fischer J, Lindenmayer DB. 2002. Treating the nestedness temperature calculator as a “black box” can lead to false conclusions. Oikos 99:193–9. CrossRef
- Fischer J, Lindenmayer DB, Manning AD. 2006. Biodiversity, ecosystem function and resilience: Ten guiding principles for off-reserve conservation. Front Ecol Environ 4:80–6. CrossRef
- Foley JA, DeFries R, Asner GP, Barford C, Bonan G, Carpenter SR, Chapin FS, Coe MT, Daily GC, Gibbs HK, Helkowski JH, Holloway T, Howard EA, Kucharik CJ, Monfreda C, Patz JA, Prentice IC, Ramankutty N, Snyder PK. 2005. Global consequences of land use. Science 309:570–4. CrossRef
- Folke C, Carpenter S, Walker B, Scheffer M, Elmqvist T, Gunderson L, Holling CS. 2004. Regime shifts, resilience, and biodiversity in ecosystem management. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 35:557–81. CrossRef
- Forys EA, Allen CR. 2002. Functional group change within and across scales following invasions and extinctions in the Everglades ecosystem. Ecosystems 5:339–47. CrossRef
- Gotelli NJ. 2000. Null model analysis of species co-occurrence patterns. Ecology 81:2606–21. CrossRef
- Gotelli NJ, Graves GR. 1996. Null models in ecology. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press.
- Gotelli NJ, Entsminger GL. 2006. EcoSim: Null models software for ecology. Version 7. Jericho, Vermont: Acquired Intelligence and Kesey-Bear.
- Gunderson LH, Holling CS (Eds). 2002. Panarchy. Washington D.C.: Island Press.
- Hastie TJ. 1992. Generalized additive models. In: Chambers JM, Hastie TJ, Eds. Statistical models in S. Wadsworth and Brooks, Cole Advanced Books and Software Pacific Grove, California, pp 249–307.
- Holling CS. 1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 4:1–23. CrossRef
- Holling CS. 1992. Cross-scale morphology, geometry, and dynamics of ecosystems. Ecol Monogr 62:447–502. CrossRef
- Hooper DU, Chapin FS, Ewel JJ, Hector A, Inchausti P, Lavorel S, Lawton JH, Lodge DM, Loreau M, Naeem S, Schmid B, Setala H, Symstad AJ, Vandermeer J, Wardle DA. 2005. Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge. Ecol Monogr 75:3–35. CrossRef
- Jonsson BG. 2001. A null model for randomization tests of nestedness in species assemblages. Oecologia 127:309–13. CrossRef
- Kotliar NB, Wiens JA. 1990. Multiple scales of patchiness and patch structure: a hierarchical framework for the study of heterogeneity. Oikos 59:253–60. CrossRef
- Lunt ID, Spooner PG. 2005. Using historical ecology to understand patterns of biodiversity in fragmented agricultural landscapes. J Biogeogr 32:1859–73. CrossRef
- Mayfield MM, Daily GC. 2005. Countryside biogeography of neotropical herbaceous and shrubby plants. Ecol Appl 15:423–39. CrossRef
- Mikkelson GM. 1993. How do food webs fall apart: a study of changes in trophic structure during relaxation on habitat fragments. Oikos 67:539–47. CrossRef
- Miklós I, Podani J. 2004. Randomization of presence-absence matrices: Comments and new algorithms. Ecology 85:86–92. CrossRef
- Moulton MP, Lockwood JL. 1992. Morphological dispersion of introduced Hawaiian finches: evidence for competition and a Narcissus effect. Evol Ecol 6:45–55. CrossRef
- Petchey OL, Gaston KJ. 2002. Extinction and the loss of functional diversity. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 269:1721–7. CrossRef
- Petchey OL, Gaston KJ. 2006. Functional diversity: back to basics and looking forward. Ecol Lett 9:741–58. CrossRef
- Peters RH. 1983. The ecological implications of body size. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Peterson G, Allen CR, Holling CS. 1998. Ecological resilience, biodiversity, and scale. Ecosystems 1:6–18. CrossRef
- Peterson GD. 2002. Estimating resilience across landscapes. Conserv Ecol 6: Art. No. 17
- R Development Core Team. 2006. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
- Restrepo C, Renjifo LM, Marples P. 1997. Frugivorous birds in fragmented neotropical montane forests: landscape pattern and body mass distribution. In: Laurance WF, Bierregaard Jr. RO, Eds. Tropical forest remnants. The University of Chicago Press Chicago, pp 171–89.
- Rodriguez-Girones MA, Santamaria L. 2006. A new algorithm to calculate the nestedness temperature of presence-absence matrices. J Biogeogr 33:924–35. CrossRef
- Sala OE, Chapin FS, Armesto JJ, Berlow E, Bloomfield J, Dirzo R, Huber-Sanwald E, Huenneke LF, Jackson RB, Kinzig A, Leemans R, Lodge DM, Mooney HA, Oesterheld M, Poff NL, Sykes MT, Walker BH, Walker M, Wall DH. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287:1770–4. CrossRef
- Sekercioglu CH. 2006. Increasing awareness of avian ecological function. Trends Ecol Evol 21:464–71. CrossRef
- Siemann E, Brown JH. 1999. Gaps in mammalian body size distributions reexamined. Ecology 80:2788–92.
- Walker BH. 1992. Biodiversity and ecological redundancy. Conserv Biol 6:18–23. CrossRef
- Walker B. 1995. Conserving biological diversity through ecosystem resilience. Conserv Biol 9:747–52. CrossRef
- Walker B, Kinzig A, Langridge J. 1999. Plant attribute diversity, resilience, and ecosystem function: the nature and significance of dominant and minor species. Ecosystems 2:95–113. CrossRef
- Wood SN. 2006. Generalized additive models. London: Chapman & Hall.
- Wright JP, Naeem S, Hector A, Lehman C, Reich PB, Schmid B, Tilman D. 2006. Conventional functional classification schemes underestimate the relationship with ecosystem functioning. Ecol Lett 9:111–20. CrossRef
- Zar JH. 1999. Biostatistical analysis. 4th edn. Sydney: Prentice-Hall.
- Functional Richness and Relative Resilience of Bird Communities in Regions with Different Land Use Intensities
Volume 10, Issue 6 , pp 964-974
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- cross-scale redundancy
- functional diversity
- functional groups
- intensive agriculture
- land use intensification
- landscape texture