Black, TA, Chen, WJ, Barr, AG, Arain, MA, Chen, Z, Nesic, Z, Hogg, EH, Neumann, HH, Yang, PC 2000Increased carbon sequestration by a boreal deciduous forest in years with a warm springGeophys Res Lett2712714CrossRef
Buchmann, N, Schulze, E.-D 1999Net CO2 and H2O fluxes of terrestrial ecosystemsGlobal Biogeochem Cycles1375160
Canadell, JG, Mooney, HA, Baldocchi, DD, Berry, JA, Ehleringer, JR, Field, CB, Gower, ST, Hollinger, DY, Hunt, JE, Jackson, RB 2000Carbon metabolism of the terrestrial biosphere: a multitechnique approach for improved understandingEcosystems311530CrossRef
Chen, J, Paw U, KT, Ustin, SL, Suchanek, , Bond, BJ, Brosofske, KD, Falk, M 2004Net ecosystem exchanges of carbon, water and energy in young and old-growth Douglas-fir forestsEcosystems7.
DeBell, DS, Franklin, JF 1987Old-growth Douglas-fir and western hemlock: a 36-year record of growth and mortalityWest J Appl For21114
Fan, S, Gloor, M, Mahlman, J, Pacala, S, Sarmiento, J, Takahashi, T, Tans, P 1999North American carbon sinkScience2831815aCrossRef
Field, CB, Kaduk, J 2004The carbon balance of an old-growth forest: building across approachesEcosystems7.
Franklin, JF, DeBell, DS 1988Thirty-six years of tree population change in an old-growth Pseudotsuga–Tsuga forestCan J For Res186339
Franklin, JF, Waring, RH 1980
Distinctive features of the northwestern coniferous forest: development, structure and functionWaring, RH eds. Forests: fresh perspectives from ecosystem analysisOregon State University PressCorvallis5986
Goulden, ML, Wofsy, SC, Harden, JW, Trumbore, SE, Crill, PM, Gower, ST, Fries, T, Daube, BC, Fan, SM, Sutton, DJ, et al. 1998Sensitivity of boreal forest carbon balance to soil thawScience2792147CrossRefPubMed
Harmon, ME, Bible, K, Ryan, MG, Shaw, DC, Chen, H, Klopatek, J, Li, X 2004Production, respiration, and overall carbon balance in an old-growth Pseudotsuga– Tsuga forest ecosystemEcosystems7.
IGBP Terrestrial Carbon Working Group1998The terrestrial carbon cycle: implications for the Kyoto protocolScience28013934CrossRef Kaiser, J 1998New network aims to take the world’s CO2 pulseScience2815067CrossRef
Mariscal, MJ, Martens, SN, Ustin, SL, Chen, J, Weiss, SB, Roberts, DA 2004Light-transmission profiles in an old-growth forest canopy: simulations of photosynthetically active radiation by using spatially explicit radiative transfer modelsEcosystems7.
Odum, EP 1953Fundamentals of ecologySaundersPhiladelphia384
Odum, EP 1963EcologyHolt, Rinehart and WinstonNew York152
Pacala, SW, Hurtt, GC, Baker, D, Peylin, P, Hougton, RA, Birdsey, RA, Heath, L, Sundquist, ET, Stallard, RF, Ciais, P 2001Consistent land- and atmosphere-based U.S. carbon sink estimatesScience292231620CrossRefPubMed
Parker, GG, Harmon, ME, Lefsky, MA, Chen, J, Pelt, R, Weiss, SB, Thomas, SC, Winner, WE, Shaw, DC, Franklin, JF 2004Three-dimensional structure of an old-growth Pseudotsuga– Tsuga forest and its implications for radiation balance, microclimate, and atmospheric gas exchangeEcosystems7.
Paw, UKT, Falk, M, Suchanek, TH, Ustin, SL, Chen, J, Park, Y-S, Winner, WE, Thomas, SC, Hsiao, TC, Shaw, RH, et al. 2004Carbon dioxide exchange between an old-growth forest and the atmosphereEcosystems7.
Roberts, DA, Ustin, SL, Ogunjemiyo, S, Greenberg, J, Dobrowski, SZ, Chen, J, Hinckley, TM 2004Spectral and structural measures of Northwest forest vegetation at leaf-to-landscape scalesEcosystems7.
Royden, A 2001Climate negotiations continue: no matter what happens at the upcoming U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change meeting in Bonn, it will be the end of the international effort to combat climate changeEnviron Sci Technol35204A207ACrossRefPubMed
Ryan, M, Binkley, D, Fownes, JH 1997Age-related decline in forest productivity: pattern and processAdv Ecol Res2721362
Schimel, D, Melillo, J, Tian, H, McGuire, AD, Kicklighter, D, Kittel, T, Rosenbloom, N, Running, S, Thornton, P, Ojima, D, et al. 2000Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate to carbon storage by ecosystems in the United StatesScience28720046CrossRefPubMed
Shaw, DC, Franklin, JF, Bible, K, Klopatek, J, Freeman, E, Greene, S, Parker, GG 2004Ecological setting of the Wind River old-growth forestEcosystems7.
Unsworth, MH, Phillips, N, Link, T, Bond, BJ, Falk, M, Harmon, ME, Hinckley, TM, Marks, D, Paw U, KT 2004Components and controls of water flux in an old-growth Douglas-fir–western hemlock ecosystemEcosystems7.
Waring, RH, Running, SW 1998Forest ecosystems2ndAcademic PressSan Diego
Winner, WE, Thomas, SC, Berry, JA, Bond, BJ, Cooper, CE, Hinckley, TM, Ehleringer, JR, Fessenden, JE, Lamb, B, McCarthy, S 2004Canopy carbon gain and water use: analysis of old-growth conifers in the Pacific NorthwestEcosystems7.
Wofsy, SC 2001Where has all the carbon gone?Science29222612CrossRefPubMed