Material Research Innovations

, Volume 2, Issue 6, pp 349–359

Structure and property changes in certain materials influenced by the external qi of qigong


  • Xin Yan
    • Chongqing Institute of Chinese Medicine, Chongqing, Sichuan, P.R. China
  • Hui Lin
    • H & L Materials Development Co., Malvern, PA 19355, USA
  • Hongmei Li
    • Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
  • Alexis Traynor-Kaplan
    • School of Medicine, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
  • Zhen-Qin Xia
    • School of Medicine, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
  • Feng Lu
    • Polaroid Corporation, 1 Upland Road N2, Norwood, MA 02062, USA
  • Yi Fang
    • Materials Research Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
  • Ming Dao
    • Hibbitt, Karlsson and Sorensen, Inc., 1080 Main Street, Pawtucket, RI 02860, USA

DOI: 10.1007/s100190050113

Cite this article as:
Yan, X., Lin, H., Li, H. et al. Mat Res Innovat (1999) 2: 349. doi:10.1007/s100190050113


 Temperature, time, pressure (or stress) are considered important factors in changing the Gibbs free energy and optimizing the structure and properties of materials during materials processing. The effects of some other variables, including the magnetic field, electrical field, electromagnetic and ultrasonic radiation, and chemical reactions have also been well characterized. These factors have been widely applied in materials processing, and their limitations have been discovered. Thus additional factors and innovative techniques are constantly being sought to overcome those limitations. This paper presents such an innovative technique called qigong. Three sets of materials-related experiments conducted by qigong doctor Yan and his collaborators are described in which for the first time the effects of qi on inanimate matter samples with no mechanical or electrical connection to the system are revealed on laboratory instruments. These experiments show that external qi of qigong produces significant structural changes in water and aqueous solutions, alters the phase behavior of dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl choline (DPPC) liposomes, and enables the growth of Fab protein crystals. These results demonstrate objective phenomena resulting from qigong and the potential of this ancient technology system, even in material processing. Important attributes of qi are summarized and the possible implications of these results from the materials perspective are discussed.

Key words QigongQiMaterial structureMaterial propertyRamanWaterProteinLiposomeSalineGlucose

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999