A robust reinforcement learning using the concept of sliding mode control
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- Obayashi, M., Nakahara, N., Kuremoto, T. et al. Artif Life Robotics (2009) 13: 526. doi:10.1007/s10015-008-0608-3
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In this article, we propose a new control method using reinforcement learning (RL) with the concept of sliding mode control (SMC). Some remarkable characteristics of the SMC method are good robustness and stability for deviations from control conditions. On the other hand, RL may be applicable to complex systems that are difficult to model. However, applying reinforcement learning to a real system has a serious problem, i.e., many trials are required for learning. We intend to develop a new control method with good characteristics for both these methods. To realize it, we employ the actor-critic method, a kind of RL, to unite with the SMC. We are able to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control method through a computer simulation of inverted pendulum control without the use of inverted pendulum dynamics. In particular, it is shown that the proposed method enables the RL to learn in fewer trials than the reinforcement learning method.