, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 59-67
Date: 05 Sep 2013

Porous carbon synthesized by direct carbonization of potassium biphthalate for high-performance supercapacitors

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Abstract

Porous carbons have been synthesized by a direct carbonization of potassium biphthalate without an activation process. The experimental results demonstrate that the carbonization temperature plays a crucial role in determining the surface area and pore structure as well as the correlative capacitive performance. The carbon-700/800/900 samples display surface areas of 672, 1,023, and 1,380 m2 g−1 and total pore volumes of 0.38, 0.56, and 0.78 cm3 g−1, respectively. The specific capacitances of the carbon-700/800/900 samples are 300.4, 272.3, and 243.4 F g−1, respectively, at a current density of 0.5 A g−1. More importantly, the carbon-900 sample possesses the highest capacitance retention (~98.4 %) even undergoing charge–discharge 10,000 times. The potassium biphthalate used as a carbon source is inexpensive and commercially available, making it promising for the large-scale production of porous carbons as an excellent electrode material for supercapacitors.