Review and prospect of layered lithium nickel manganese oxide as cathode materials for Li-ion batteries
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- Dou, S. J Solid State Electrochem (2013) 17: 911. doi:10.1007/s10008-012-1977-z
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Layered structural lithium metal oxides with rhombohedral α-NaFeO2 crystal structure have been proven to be particularly suitable for application as cathode materials in lithium-ion batteries. Compared with LiCoO2, lithium nickel manganese oxides are promising, inexpensive, nontoxic, and have high thermal stability; thus, they are extensively studied as alternative cathode electrode materials to the commercial LiCoO2 electrode. However, a lot of work needs to be done to reduce cost and extend the effective lifetime. In this paper, the development of the layered lithium nickel manganese oxide cathode materials is reviewed from synthesis method, coating, doping to modification, lithium-rich materials, nanostructured materials, and so on, which can make electrochemical performance better. The prospects of lithium nickel manganese oxides as cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries are also looked forward to.