Original Paper

Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 817-828

First online:

Relation between morphology and conductivity in TiO2 nanotube arrays: an electrochemical impedance spectrometric investigation

  • P. PuAffiliated withUPMC Univ Paris 06, UPR 15, LISECNRS, UPR 15, LISE
  • , H. CachetAffiliated withUPMC Univ Paris 06, UPR 15, LISECNRS, UPR 15, LISE
  • , E. NgaboyamahinaAffiliated withUPMC Univ Paris 06, UPR 15, LISECNRS, UPR 15, LISE
  • , E. M. M. SutterAffiliated withUPMC Univ Paris 06, UPR 15, LISECNRS, UPR 15, LISE Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Two types of TiO2 nanotubular arrays were obtained by anodisation of a titanium foil, in two different solutions containing fluoride ions. For the first type which has rough tube walls, impedance measurements in the dark showed the presence of a localised surface state which was related to adsorbed molecular water. Under UV illumination, this adsorbed molecular water was photo-dissociated. Moreover, an increase of 2 orders of magnitude for the limiting capacitance of the space charge layer was observed, simultaneously with the disappearance of the localised state and with a 100-time increase of the carrier density associated with hydrogen insertion. The second type of layer was characterised by smoother tube walls, a high doping level (1020 cm−3) in the dark, a lack of localised states and no long-lasting photo-induced effect. In this case, the width of the space charge layer became rapidly higher than the half-thickness of the tube walls, when the applied potential increased. Therefore, the walls were progressively depleted under anodic polarisation, passing from a situation where the tubes were totally active in the cathodic range towards a situation where the contribution of the tube walls could be neglected.