Original Paper

Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, 14:313

First online:

Diamond/porous titanium three-dimensional hybrid electrodes

  • N. A. BragaAffiliated withInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, INPE
  • , C. A. A. CairoAffiliated withComando-Geral de Tecnologia Aeroespacial, CTA
  • , J. T. MatsushimaAffiliated withInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, INPE Email author 
  • , M. R. BaldanAffiliated withInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, INPE
  • , N. G. FerreiraAffiliated withInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, INPE

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Abstract

Hybrid three-dimensional electrodes produced from microcrystalline boron-doped diamond (BDD) and/or nanocrystalline diamond films were grown on porous titanium (Ti) substrate by hot filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) technique. Powder metallurgy technique was used to obtain the Ti substrates provided by interconnected and open pores among its volume. Diamond growth parameters were optimized in order to provide the entire substrate surface covering including the deeper surfaces, pore bottoms, and walls. The morphology and structure of these electrodes were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and visible Raman spectroscopy techniques, respectively. Electrochemical response was characterized by cyclic voltammetry measurements. Results showed a wide working potential window and low background current characteristic of the diamond electrodes. The kinetic parameters also pointed out to a quasi-reversible behavior for these hybrid three-dimensional diamond/Ti electrodes.

Keywords

Porous titanium Diamond Electrodes Three-dimensional porosity