European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 309–318

Differences in predictors of traditional and cyber-bullying: a 2-year longitudinal study in Korean school children

  • Su-Jin Yang
  • Robert Stewart
  • Jae-Min Kim
  • Sung-Wan Kim
  • Il-Seon Shin
  • Michael E. Dewey
  • Sean Maskey
  • Jin-Sang Yoon
Original Contribution

DOI: 10.1007/s00787-012-0374-6

Cite this article as:
Yang, SJ., Stewart, R., Kim, JM. et al. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry (2013) 22: 309. doi:10.1007/s00787-012-0374-6

Abstract

Traditional bullying has received considerable research but the emerging phenomenon of cyber-bullying much less so. Our study aims to investigate environmental and psychological factors associated with traditional and cyber-bullying. In a school-based 2-year prospective survey, information was collected on 1,344 children aged 10 including bullying behavior/experience, depression, anxiety, coping strategies, self-esteem, and psychopathology. Parents reported demographic data, general health, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. These were investigated in relation to traditional and cyber-bullying perpetration and victimization at age 12. Male gender and depressive symptoms were associated with all types of bullying behavior and experience. Living with a single parent was associated with perpetration of traditional bullying while higher ADHD symptoms were associated with victimization from this. Lower academic achievement and lower self esteem were associated with cyber-bullying perpetration and victimization, and anxiety symptoms with cyber-bullying perpetration. After adjustment, previous bullying perpetration was associated with victimization from cyber-bullying but not other outcomes. Cyber-bullying has differences in predictors from traditional bullying and intervention programmes need to take these into consideration.

Keywords

Cyber-bullyingBullyingDepressionAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorderLongitudinal study

Supplementary material

787_2012_374_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17.1 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Su-Jin Yang
    • 1
  • Robert Stewart
    • 2
  • Jae-Min Kim
    • 3
  • Sung-Wan Kim
    • 3
  • Il-Seon Shin
    • 3
  • Michael E. Dewey
    • 2
  • Sean Maskey
    • 4
  • Jin-Sang Yoon
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryGangnam Severance HospitalSeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.King’s College London (Institute of Psychiatry)LondonUK
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryChonnam National University Medical SchoolKwangjuRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation TrustLondonUK