, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 59-64
Date: 04 Jun 2009

Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw: what do we currently know? A survey of knowledge given in the recent literature

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Abstract

Increasing application of bisphosphonates for therapy of osteopathies has led to reports of the severe associated adverse effects of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ). We reviewed recent literature to assess several aspects of bisphosphonate-associated ONJ, and to provide healthcare professionals with an overview of treatment and preventive options. Literature databases were searched using keywords. Information of 54 articles were discussed and completed by additional literature. High-risk factors were application of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, teeth extractions, and ill-fitting dentures. Treatment included non-surgical options and radical surgery. Success and failure were described for all treatment options; further studies investigating long-term recovery and recurrence are warranted. Paying attention to effective prevention of ONJ before, during, and after treatment is essential.