Original Article

Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 331-336

First online:

In vitro analysis of the radiodensity of indirect composites and ceramic inlay systems and its influence on the detection of cement overhangs

  • Carlos José SoaresAffiliated withDepartment of Operative Dentistry and Dental Materials, Dental School-Federal University of UberlândiaDepartamento de Dentística e Materiais Odontológicos, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Email author 
  • , Fernanda Ribeiro SantanaAffiliated withDepartment of Operative Dentistry and Dental Materials, Dental School-Federal University of Uberlândia
  • , Rodrigo Borges FonsecaAffiliated withDepartment of Dental Materials, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas
  • , Luis Roberto Marcondes MartinsAffiliated withDepartment of Dental Materials, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas
  • , Francisco Haiter NetoAffiliated withDepartment of Oral Radiology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiodensity of indirect restorative systems and to determine its influence on detection of resin cement overhangs. Sixty sound molars with similar dimensions were selected, and MOD inlay preparations were made in a standardized fashion with 6° taper of the walls. Restorations were made with a porcelain, Duceram LFC, and with three indirect composites, Solidex, Artglass, and Targis. Digital radiographic images were taken before and after cementation of the inlays (Digora system) and were analyzed on two regions, the cervical and the isthmus floor. Digital radiodensity measurements were performed on standardized points symmetrically distributed over each restoration and tooth structure. Cement overhangs were detected through visual analysis by three evaluators. Data were statistically analyzed utilizing ANOVA following Tukey’s test (p < 0.05), showing that Solidex presented lower radiodensity than Duceram LFC, and both Artglass and Targis presented similar higher levels of radiodensity than the other groups. Radiodensity of cervical regions was always greater than for isthmus floor regions. Detection of the resin cement overhangs is easier observed on Solidex and Duceram LFC. Radiodensity is highly influenced by restorative material type and tooth regions. The detection of radiopaque resin cement overhangs is influenced by radiodensity of restorative materials.

Keywords

Radiodensity Porcelain Indirect composite resins Resin cement Digital radiographs