, Volume 15, Issue 8, pp 1305-1318
Date: 06 Aug 2010

Boronated phosphonium salts containing arylboronic acid, closo-carborane, or nido-carborane: synthesis, X-ray diffraction, in vitro cytotoxicity, and cellular uptake

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The preparation of boronated triaryl and tetraaryl phosphonium salts of the type [PPh3CH2R]Br [R is 4-boronophenyl (1), 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-yl)phenyl (2), 3-boronophenyl (3), 3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-yl)phenyl (4), 2-boronophenyl (5), 2-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-yl)phenyl (6), and closo-1,2-carboran-1-yl (7)] is described. These compounds were prepared by the reaction of triphenylphosphine with benzylic bromides or 1-bromomethyl-closo-1,2-carborane in acetonitrile solution at 85 °C. The zwitterionic nido-7,8-carborane derivative PPh3CH2C2B9H11 (8) was prepared by treatment of 7 with cesium fluoride in refluxing ethanol. All compounds were fully characterized by multinuclear (1H, 11B, 13C, and 31P) 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis, and single-crystal X-ray structures were determined for compounds 1, 3, 7, and 8. The cytotoxicities and boron uptake of selected derivatives were investigated in vitro using human glioblastoma (T98G) and canine kidney tubule (MDCK II) cells. The zwitterionic species 8 was found to be the least cytotoxic agent while also delivering the greatest amount of boron to the T98G cells, peaking at 9.15 ± 2.65 μg B/mg protein.

D. E. Morrison and F. Issa contributed equally to this work.