, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 533-545
Date: 19 Jan 2010

Characterizing metalloendonuclease mixed metal complexes by global kinetic analysis

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Abstract

To test the role of a secondary metal ion in a two metal ion metallonuclease mechanism, some groups have introduced a nonsupportive metal ion [usually Ca(II)] in cleavage reactions. Stimulation of Mg(II)- or Mn(II)-supported activity has been taken as evidence that the second metal ion is regulatory. However, this activity has yet to be dissected to determine what processes and species contribute to this observation. Here, we test global kinetic analysis as an approach to this problem. Taking advantage of the various binding and cleavage constants established for PvuII endonuclease, we apply cleavage data obtained under a range of Mg(II) and Ca(II) concentrations to a number of kinetic models which specify A and B sites for both metal ions and various active species. The data are best fit and simulated with models which feature Ca(II) being held more strongly in the B (or secondary) site. This mixed metal enzyme species is the only one which forms appreciably and exhibits a cleavage rate constant similar to that observed when there is only one Mg(II) per active site (approximately 0.01 s−1). Thus, in the case of PvuII endonuclease, Ca(II) does not stimulate cleavage. However, a simulated increase in activity at moderate Ca(II) concentrations can be rationalized with a cleavage rate constant for the mixed species similar to that when two Mg(II) ions are present in the active site. This provides an important insight into the underlying basis for the Ca(II)-stimulated activity observed for some metallonucleases that is not accessible by any other means.

An erratum to this article can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00775-010-0704-4