Synthesis and characterization of new copper thiosemicarbazone complexes with an ONNS quadridentate system: cell growth inhibition, S-phase cell cycle arrest and proapoptotic activities on cisplatin-resistant neuroblastoma cells
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- Zhang, H., Thomas, R., Oupicky, D. et al. J Biol Inorg Chem (2008) 13: 47. doi:10.1007/s00775-007-0299-6
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Two new copper thiosemicarbazone complexes with an ONNS quadridentate system were synthesized and evaluated for anticancer activity on cisplatin-resistant neuroblastoma cells. Among these two copper complexes, the substituted 8-hydroxyquinoline-2-carboxaldehyde–4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazide (CuHQDMTS) exhibited stronger cell growth inhibition activity than the unsubstituted copper 8-hydroxyquinoline-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazide complex (CuHQTS). Both CuHQTS and CuHQDMTS showed dose-dependent cell growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction activities on the SK-N-DZ neuroblastoma cells. Increased expression of p53 protein molecules was detected in the SK-N-DZ cells treated with CuHQTS. The data obtained in this study suggest that CuHQDMTS and CuHQTS hold potential as new, effective drugs for treatment of refractory neuroblastoma in children.