, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 31-35

Standard radial bone mineral density and physical factors in ordinary Japanese women

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To prevent osteoporosis, which is expected to increase in incidence in this rapidly aging society, in recent years bone mineral density (BMD) has frequently been measured as a predisposition index. However, these measurements are made on different sites with different apparatus, and the results are independently studied by different institutions. In our present investigation, to establish the standard radius BMD as determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), we carried out a general population survey in 29 municipalities and prefectures on 11 252 locally residing females aged 15 to 83 years (mean, 35.61 ± 12.85 years). Their YAM (young adult mean) BMD was estimated at 0.664 ± 0.054 g/cm2, which was almost the same as the figure given in the 1996 version of the diagnostic criteria for primary osteoporosis. We further studied the relationships of BMD to age and physical factors known to be influential to BMD. It was found that BMD was correlated negatively to age and positively to body mass index (BMI). The average values we obtained for age and physique groups appeared to have provided reliable indices for the primary prevention of osteoporosis.

Received: April 26, 1999 / Accepted: July 2, 1999