Archives of Women's Mental Health

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 145–157

Physical activity and depressive symptoms among pregnant women: the PIN3 study

  • Zewditu Demissie
  • Anna Maria Siega-Riz
  • Kelly R. Evenson
  • Amy H. Herring
  • Nancy Dole
  • Bradley N. Gaynes
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00737-010-0193-z

Cite this article as:
Demissie, Z., Siega-Riz, A.M., Evenson, K.R. et al. Arch Womens Ment Health (2011) 14: 145. doi:10.1007/s00737-010-0193-z

Abstract

Prenatal depression confers health risks for both mother and family. Physical activity may promote better mental health; however, few studies have examined the influence of physical activity on prenatal depression. Data from 1,220 women enrolled in the third Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Study (2001–2005) were used to examine the associations between overall and domain-specific moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Self-reported, past week physical activity assessed at 17−22 weeks’ gestation was modeled in logistic regression with self-reported depressive symptoms assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies—Depression Scale at 24–29 weeks’ gestation. Active women with ≤2.67 h/week of total MVPA had almost half the odds of having high depressive symptoms as compared to women with no MVPA (odds ratio [OR] = 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.38, 0.83). Increased odds of elevated depressive symptoms were found for women participating in some but ≤2.25 h/week of adult and child care MVPA (OR = 1.84; 95% CI = 1.08, 3.11) and >1 h of indoor household MVPA (OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 0.99, 2.70) when compared to women with no MVPA. While overall MVPA may play a role in reducing the odds of developing elevated depressive symptoms, adult and child care and indoor household activities may increase it.

Keywords

Physical activityMental healthDepressionPregnancyReproductive health

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zewditu Demissie
    • 1
  • Anna Maria Siega-Riz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kelly R. Evenson
    • 1
  • Amy H. Herring
    • 3
  • Nancy Dole
    • 4
  • Bradley N. Gaynes
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public HealthThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public HealthThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Global Public HealthThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Carolina Population CenterThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry, School of MedicineThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA