Arabinogalactan proteins, pollen tube growth, and the reversible effects of Yariv phenylglycoside
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Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are abundant complex macromolecules involved in both reproductive and vegetative plant growth. They are secreted at pollen tube tips in Lilium longiflorum. Here, we report the effect of the (β-D-glucosyl)3 Yariv phenylglycoside, known to interact with AGPs, on pollen tube extension in several plant species. In Annona cherimola the Yariv reagent clearly inhibited pollen tube extension within 1–2 h of treatment, as demonstrated previously for L. longiflorum, but had no effect on Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium, Aquilegia eximia, and Nicotiana tabacum. With the monoclonal antibody JIM13 we also examined these same species for evidence that they secreted AGPs at their pollen tube tips. Only A. cherimola showed evidence of AGPs at the pollen tube tip as does lily. The Yariv reagent causes arrest of tube growth in both A. cherimola and lily, but its removal from the medium allows regeneration of new tip growth in both species. We show that the site of the new emerging tip in lily can be predicted by localization of AGP secretion. Labeling with JIM13 appeared on the flanks of the arrested tip 1 h after removal of the Yariv reagent from the growth medium. After 4 h, many of the Yariv reagent-treated pollen tubes had regenerated new pollen tubes with the tips brightly labeled by JIM13 and with a collar of AGPs left at the emergence site. During this recovery, esterified pectins colocalized with AGPs. Secretion at the site of the new tip may be important in the initial polarization event that occurs on the flanks of the arrested tube tip and results in a new pollen tube.
- Arabinogalactan proteins, pollen tube growth, and the reversible effects of Yariv phenylglycoside
Volume 219, Issue 1-2 , pp 89-98
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- Keywords: Arabinogalactan protein; Lily; Pectin; Pollen tube; Tip growth; Yariv phenylglycoside.
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