Variable viscosity effect on hydromagnetic flow and heat transfer about a fluid underlying the axisymmetric spreading surface
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- Barakat, E. Acta Mechanica (2004) 169: 195. doi:10.1007/s00707-004-0075-4
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The effect of variable viscosity on the flow and heat transfer about a fluid underlying the axisymmetric spreading surface in the presence of an axial magnetic field has been investigated. The viscosity of the fluid is assumed to vary as an inverse linear function of temperature and the magnetic field strength is inversely proportional to the radial coordinate. The partial differential equations, governing the present problem, have been transformed, by suitable similarity variables, into a system of ordinary differential equations. This system is solved numerically by the shooting technique. Numerical results are introduced in graphical form for different values of viscosity parameter, θr, and magnetic field parameter. In the presence of variable viscosity, an increase in Prandtl number leads to a rise in the velocity field. Generally, it leads to a fall in the temperature field. Both magnetic field and variable viscosity raise the heat transfer and suppress the fluid flow.