Identification of epitopes on the envelope (E) protein of dengue 2 and dengue 3 viruses using monoclonal antibodies
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- Serafin, I. & Aaskov, J. Arch. Virol. (2001) 146: 2469. doi:10.1007/s007050170017
Of a panel of forty-six anti-dengue 3 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) only three neutralised infection of BHK cells by dengue 3 virus. Attempts to select neutralisation escape mutants (n.e.m.) with two of these antibodies failed. The n.e.m. population selected in the presence of the third neutralising antibody, 1H9, had a nucleotide change at position 1157 of the E protein gene resulting in a non-conservative amino acid change at E386 for a Lys to an Asn. A dengue 2 n.e.m. was selected with the flavivirus crossreactive IgG monoclonal antibody 4G2, had deduced amino acid changes at E169 (Ser to Pro) and E275 (Gly to Arg). This dengue 2 n.e.m. population produced smaller plaques in BHK cells than the parental virus, decreased fusion activity (FFWI) and had lost the ability to agglutinate gander erythrocyes at pH 6.0 to 6.7.