, Volume 158, Issue 10, pp 2209-2226
Date: 01 May 2013

Nyamiviridae: Proposal for a new family in the order Mononegavirales

Abstract

Nyamanini virus (NYMV) and Midway virus (MIDWV) are unclassified tick-borne agents that infect land birds and seabirds, respectively. The recent molecular characterization of both viruses confirmed their already known close serological relationship and revealed them to be nonsegmented, single- and negative-stranded RNA viruses that are clearly related to, but quite distinct from, members of the order Mononegavirales (bornaviruses, filoviruses, paramyxoviruses, and rhabdoviruses). A third agent, soybean cyst nematode virus 1 (SbCNV-1, previously named soybean cyst nematode nyavirus), was recently found to be an additional member of this new virus group. Here, we review the current knowledge about all three viruses and propose classifying them as members of a new mononegaviral family, Nyamiviridae.

Jens H. Kuhn, Ralf G. Dietzgen, Norbert Nowotny, and Lin-Fa Wang are the members of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Mononegavirales Study Group, and are the chairs of the ICTV Filoviridae, Rhabdoviridae, Bornaviridae, and Paramyxoviridae Study Groups, respectively.

Disclaimer

The taxonomic changes suggested here have not been endorsed by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Executive Committee, may differ from any new taxonomy that is ultimately approved by the ICTV, and is presented for discussion only but has no official standing at the time of publication. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the US Department of Health and Human Services, the US Department of Defense, the US Department of the Army or of the institutions and companies affiliated with the authors. YC and JHK performed this work as employees of Tunnell Consulting, Inc., and ANC performed this work as the owner of Logos Consulting, Inc. Both companies are subcontractors to Battelle Memorial Institute under its prime contract with NIAID, under Contract No. HHSN272200200016I.