Predominance of tomato leaf curl Gujarat virus as a monopartite begomovirus: association with tomato yellow leaf curl Thailand betasatellite
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- Jyothsna, P., Rawat, R. & Malathi, V.G. Arch Virol (2013) 158: 217. doi:10.1007/s00705-012-1468-7
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Tomato leaf curl is a serious malady in the state of Maharashtra, India, causing nearly 100 % yield loss. An extensive survey was done in the affected fields of tomato in the year 2008, and members of three species of begomoviruses were identified as causing the disease. More than 60 % of the samples from diseased plants were infected with tomato leaf curl Gujarat virus (ToLCGuV). Isolates collected from these fields differed from the Varanasi isolate of ToLCGuV in not having a DNA B component. Instead, they were like typical Old World monopartite begomoviruses in that they were associated with only one betasatellite, tomato yellow leaf curl Thailand betasatellite (TYLCTHB). ToLCGuV alone is readily infectious, expressing systemic symptoms in Nicotiana benthamiana and tomato. Co-inoculation of ToLCGuV with TYLCTHB, increased symptom severity and reduced the incubation time required for symptom expression. ToLCGuV successfully interacted with heterologous DNA B component of ToLCNDV [IN:Pun:JID:08], and co-inoculation of these two resulted in yellow mottling symptoms that were typical of DNA B.