Archives of Virology

, Volume 157, Issue 11, pp 2113–2123

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) in Myanmar, 2006-2010

  • Pont Pont Mon
  • Jiradej Lapkuntod
  • Min Thein Maw
  • Bundit Nuansrichay
  • Sujira Parchariyanon
  • Thanawat Tiensin
  • Than Htun
  • Pawin Padungtod
  • Wantanee Kalpravidh
  • Kyaw Sunn
  • Murray Maclean
  • Alongkorn Amonsin
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00705-012-1411-y

Cite this article as:
Mon, P.P., Lapkuntod, J., Maw, M.T. et al. Arch Virol (2012) 157: 2113. doi:10.1007/s00705-012-1411-y

Abstract

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus subtype H5N1 was first reported in Myanmar in 2006. In this study, we have characterized 6 HPAI (H5N1) viruses recovered from 2007-2010 as well as three additional available nucleotide sequences representing Myanmar AI outbreaks. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the Myanmar viruses belong to HPAI (H5N1) clades 7, 2.3.2 and 2.3.4. The result suggested that the HPAI (H5N1) viruses recovered from Myanmar had been introduced into the country by multiple introductions. Genetic analysis of the viruses confirmed the HPAI characteristics of the viruses.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pont Pont Mon
    • 1
  • Jiradej Lapkuntod
    • 1
  • Min Thein Maw
    • 2
  • Bundit Nuansrichay
    • 3
  • Sujira Parchariyanon
    • 3
  • Thanawat Tiensin
    • 4
  • Than Htun
    • 5
  • Pawin Padungtod
    • 6
  • Wantanee Kalpravidh
    • 6
  • Kyaw Sunn
    • 2
  • Murray Maclean
    • 5
  • Alongkorn Amonsin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary ScienceChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Research and Disease Control DivisionLivestock Breeding and Veterinary DepartmentYangonMyanmar
  3. 3.Department of Livestock DevelopmentNational Institute of Animal HealthBangkokThailand
  4. 4.Department of Livestock DevelopmentBureau of Disease Control and Veterinary ServicesBangkokThailand
  5. 5.Avian Influenza Integrated Control ProgramFood and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsYangonMyanmar
  6. 6.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsRegional Office for Asia and the PacificBangkokThailand

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