Brief Report

Archives of Virology

, Volume 157, Issue 6, pp 1143-1147

First online:

Astrovirus in wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Hungary

  • Gábor ReuterAffiliated withRegional Laboratory of Virology, National Reference Laboratory of Gastroenteric Viruses, ÁNTSZ Regional Institute of State Public Health ServiceBlood Systems Research Institute Email author 
  • , Csaba NemesAffiliated withVeterinary Diagnostic Directorate of the Central Agricultural Office
  • , Ákos BorosAffiliated withRegional Laboratory of Virology, National Reference Laboratory of Gastroenteric Viruses, ÁNTSZ Regional Institute of State Public Health Service
  • , Beatrix KapusinszkyAffiliated withBlood Systems Research Institute
  • , Eric DelwartAffiliated withBlood Systems Research InstituteUniversity of California San Francisco
  • , Péter PankovicsAffiliated withRegional Laboratory of Virology, National Reference Laboratory of Gastroenteric Viruses, ÁNTSZ Regional Institute of State Public Health Service

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Abstract

The family Astroviridae consists of two genera, Avastrovirus and Mamastrovirus whose members are associated with gastroenteritis in avian and mammalian hosts, respectively. In this study, we report the first detection of astrovirus from fecal specimens of wild boars (Sus scrofa) using viral metagenomics and complete genome sequencing. The wild boar astrovirus (WBAstV-1/2011/HUN, JQ340310) genome is 6707 nucleotide long and had 76%, 95% and 56% amino acid (aa) identity in the ORF1a (852aa), ORF1b (522aa) and ORF2 (845aa) regions, respectively, to porcine astrovirus 4 (PAstV-4, JF713713), the closest match. This study indicates that wild boar could be a reservoir for astroviruses.

Keywords

Astrovirus Mamastrovirus Wild boar Sus scrofa Feces Species