Virology Division News

Archives of Virology

, Volume 154, Issue 1, pp 171-177

First online:

The order Herpesvirales

  • Andrew J. DavisonAffiliated withMRC Virology Unit, Institute of Virology, University of Glasgow Email author 
  • , Richard EberleAffiliated withCenter for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University
  • , Bernhard EhlersAffiliated withRobert Koch Institute
  • , Gary S. HaywardAffiliated withJohns Hopkins School of Medicine
  • , Duncan J. McGeochAffiliated withMRC Virology Unit, Institute of Virology, University of Glasgow
  • , Anthony C. MinsonAffiliated withDepartment of Pathology, University of Cambridge
  • , Philip E. PellettAffiliated withWayne State University School of Medicine
  • , Bernard RoizmanAffiliated withMarjorie B. Kovler Viral Oncology Laboratories, University of Chicago
  • , Michael J. StuddertAffiliated withSchool of Veterinary Science, University of Melbourne
    • , Etienne ThiryAffiliated withFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège

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Abstract

The taxonomy of herpesviruses has been updated by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). The former family Herpesviridae has been split into three families, which have been incorporated into the new order Herpesvirales. The revised family Herpesviridae retains the mammal, bird and reptile viruses, the new family Alloherpesviridae incorporates the fish and frog viruses, and the new family Malacoherpesviridae contains a bivalve virus. Three new genera have been created in the family Herpesviridae, namely Proboscivirus in the subfamily Betaherpesvirinae and Macavirus and Percavirus in the subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae. These genera have been formed by the transfer of species from established genera and the erection of new species, and other new species have been added to some of the established genera. In addition, the names of some nonhuman primate virus species have been changed. The family Alloherpesviridae has been populated by transfer of the genus Ictalurivirus and addition of the new species Cyprinid herpesvirus 3. The family Malacoherpesviridae incorporates the new genus Ostreavirus containing the new species Ostreid herpesvirus 1.