Archives of Virology

, 153:187

In search of virus carriers of the 1988 and 2002 phocine distemper virus outbreaks in European harbour seals

  • M. Kreutzer
  • R. Kreutzer
  • U. Siebert
  • G. Müller
  • P. Reijnders
  • S. Brasseur
  • T. Härkönen
  • R. Dietz
  • C. Sonne
  • E. W. Born
  • W. Baumgärtner
Brief Report

DOI: 10.1007/s00705-007-1070-6

Cite this article as:
Kreutzer, M., Kreutzer, R., Siebert, U. et al. Arch Virol (2008) 153: 187. doi:10.1007/s00705-007-1070-6

Summary

European harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) populations decreased substantially during the phocine distemper virus (PDV) outbreaks of 1988 and 2002. Different hypotheses have stated that various seals and terrestrial carnivore species might be the source of infection. To further analyse these hypotheses, grey (Halichoerus grypus) and ringed (Phoca hispida) seals, polar bears (Ursus maritimus) and minks (Mustela lutreola) were sampled from the North Sea and East Greenland coasts between 1988 and 2004 and investigated by RT-PCR using a panmorbillivirus primer pair. However, all samples were negative for morbillivirus nucleic acid.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Kreutzer
    • 1
  • R. Kreutzer
    • 1
  • U. Siebert
    • 2
  • G. Müller
    • 1
  • P. Reijnders
    • 3
  • S. Brasseur
    • 3
  • T. Härkönen
    • 4
  • R. Dietz
    • 5
  • C. Sonne
    • 5
  • E. W. Born
    • 6
  • W. Baumgärtner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyUniversity of Veterinary MedicineHannoverGermany
  2. 2.Research and Technology Center WestcoastUniversity of KielBüsumGermany
  3. 3.Alterra-Marine & Coastal Zone ResearchDen BurgThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Swedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden
  5. 5.National Environmental Research InstituteRoskildeDenmark
  6. 6.Greenland Institute of Natural ResourcesNuukDenmark