Archives of Virology

, Volume 151, Issue 7, pp 1257–1266

On the classification and nomenclature of baculoviruses: A proposal for revision


  • J. A. Jehle
    • Abteilung Phytomedizin, DLR Rheinpfalz
  • G. W. Blissard
    • Boyce Thompson Institute, Cornell University
  • B. C. Bonning
    • Department of EntomologyIowa State University
  • J. S. Cory
    • Algoma University
  • E. A. Herniou
    • Division of BiologyImperial College London
  • G. F. Rohrmann
    • Department of MicrobiologyOregon State University
  • D. A. Theilmann
    • Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
  • S. M. Thiem
    • Department of Entomology and Department of Microbiology and Molecular GeneticsMichigan State University
  • J. M. Vlak
    • Laboratoy of Virology, Wageningen University
Brief Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00705-006-0763-6

Cite this article as:
Jehle, J., Blissard, G., Bonning, B. et al. Arch Virol (2006) 151: 1257. doi:10.1007/s00705-006-0763-6


Recent evidence from genome sequence analyses demands a substantial revision of the taxonomy and classification of the family Baculoviridae. Comparisons of 29 baculovirus genomes indicated that baculovirus phylogeny followed the classification of the hosts more closely than morphological traits that have previously been used for classification of this virus family. On this basis, dipteran- and hymenopteran-specific nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPV) should be separated from lepidopteran-specific NPVs and accommodated into different genera. We propose a new classification and nomenclature for the genera within the baculovirus family. According to this proposal the updated classification should include four genera: Alphabaculovirus (lepidopteran-specific NPV), Betabaculovirus (lepidopteran-specific Granuloviruses), Gammabaculovirus (hymenopteran-specific NPV) and Deltabaculovirus (dipteran-specific NPV).

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006