Induction of interferon-inducible protein-10 and monokine induced by interferon-γ from human endothelial cells infected with Influenza A virus
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- Ishiguro, N., Takada, A., Yoshioka, M. et al. Arch Virol (2003) 149: 17. doi:10.1007/s00705-003-0208-4
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Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were infected with Influenza virus A/Aichi/2/68 (H3N2) in order to determine the role of endothelial cells in mediating inflammation induced upon virus infection. Structural proteins of the virus and mRNA of the M2 protein were detected in the infected cells, indicating that virus infection had occurred in HUVECs. The Influenza A virus-infected HUVECs showed elevated levels of gene expression of interferon (IFN)-inducible protein (IP)-10 and monokine induced by IFN-γ (Mig), while heat-, formalin- and diethyl ether-inactivated viruses did not enhance the IP-10 and Mig gene expression. The results thus indicate that infection of live Influenza A virus is responsible for elevation of IP-10 and Mig gene expression. The elevation of IP-10 and Mig gene expression in infected HUVECs was not accompanied by the elevation of IFN-γ gene expression, indicating that the elevation of IP-10 and Mig gene expression was independent of the IFN-γ pathway.