Infection of macaques with chimeric simian and human immunodeficiency viruses containing Env from subtype F
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- Kuwata, T., Takemura, T., Takehisa, J. et al. Arch. Virol. (2002) 147: 1121. doi:10.1007/s00705-002-0803-9
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Chimeric simian and human immunodeficiency viruses (SHIVs) are useful for investigating the pathogenicity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) and to develop an anti-HIV-1 vaccine. We attempted to construct SHIVs containing Env from various subtypes, because almost all SHIVs which have been reported so far have Env from HIV-1 that belongs to subtype B. Two infectious SHIVs containing Env from two strains of HIV-1, CMR304 and CMR306, which belong to subtype F and A, respectively, were newly obtained. These SHIVs essentially showed a coreceptor usage and a neutralization pattern that were similar to those of the parental HIV-1s. In macaque PBMC, SHIVcmr304 replicated with kinetics similar to that of prototypic SHIV-NM-3rN with HIV-1NL432 Env, but SHIVcmr306 replicated poorly. Inoculation of four rhesus macaques with SHIVcmr304 resulted in an increase of plasma viral load in all the macaques, though viral RNA copies were 100-fold lower than that in the infection with NM-3rN. This SHIV containing Env from HIV-1 subtype F will be a valuable source for the analysis of HIV-1 subtype F and the evaluation of vaccine candidates as a genetically divergent challenge virus.