Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 31–38

Quantification of the urban heat island under a changing climate over Anatolian Peninsula

Authors

  • Huseyin Ozdemir
    • Department of Environmental EngineeringBahcesehir University
    • Department of Environmental EngineeringMarmara University
  • Alper Unal
    • Eurasia Institute of Earth SciencesIstanbul Technical University
    • Eurasia Institute of Earth SciencesIstanbul Technical University
  • Ufuk Utku Turuncoglu
    • Institute of InformaticsIstanbul Technical University
  • Zeynep Okay Durmusoglu
    • The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey
  • Maudood Khan
    • National Space Science and Technology Center NASAGeorge C. Marshall Space Flight Center
  • Mete Tayanc
    • Faculty of EngineeringCyprus International University
    • Department of Environmental EngineeringMarmara University
  • Mehmet Karaca
    • Eurasia Institute of Earth SciencesIstanbul Technical University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00704-011-0515-8

Cite this article as:
Ozdemir, H., Unal, A., Kindap, T. et al. Theor Appl Climatol (2012) 108: 31. doi:10.1007/s00704-011-0515-8

Abstract

The Anatolian Peninsula is located at the confluence of Europe, Asia, and Africa and houses 81 cities of which 79 of them have population over 100,000. We employed some criteria to select the cities from the 81 cities. After accomplishing all the criteria, eight cities were remaining for the study. Nonparametric Mann–Kendall test procedure was employed for the urban and rural stations of these cities to detect the long-term change in temperature trends. Statistical analysis of daily minimum temperatures for the period between 1965 and 2006 suggest that there is no statistically significant increase in rural areas. In contrast to the findings of the previous studies, however, all the urban sites and difference between urban and rural pairs show significant increase in temperatures, a strong indication for the existence of urban heat island (UHI) affect over the region. Regional Climate Model was also utilized to assess the changes in temperature by the end of century for the region. The findings suggest that an increase of up to 5°C is possible. Climate change effects enforced with UHI have the potential to cause serious problems for the entire region and hence needs to be studied thoroughly.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011