Original Paper

Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 102, Issue 1, pp 205-212

First online:

Stationarity of atmospheric waves and blocking over Europe—based on a reanalysis dataset and two climate scenarios

  • Frank KreienkampAffiliated withClimate and Environment Consulting Potsdam GmbH Email author 
  • , Arne SpekatAffiliated withClimate and Environment Consulting Potsdam GmbH
  • , Wolfgang EnkeAffiliated withClimate and Environment Consulting Potsdam GmbH

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In this investigation, a circulation index was used which is capable of tracing blocked states of the hemispheric circulation which has a relevance for a mid-latitude window between 40° and 60°N and between 30°W and 30°E. Results with respect to the seasonality of blocking situations are presented. Additionally, it is shown to which degree the circulation conditions, as they are simulated by the ECHAM5-MPI/OM1 climate model, have a tendency to exhibit blocking. Finally, results are presented which indicate the developments in blocking if the index is applied to scenario runs of the model.