, Volume 295, Issue 1-4, pp 23-54
Date: 12 Jun 2011

Molecular systematics, character evolution, and pollen morphology of Cistus and Halimium (Cistaceae)

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Pollen analysis and parsimony-based phylogenetic analyses of the genera Cistus and Halimium, two Mediterranean shrubs typical of Mediterranean vegetation, were undertaken, on the basis of cpDNA sequence data from the trnL-trnF, and trnS-trnG regions, to evaluate limits between the genera. Neither of the two genera examined formed a monophyletic group. Several monophyletic clades were recognized for the ingroup. (1) The “white and whitish pink Cistus”, where most of the Cistus sections were present, with very diverse pollen ornamentations ranging from striato-reticulate to largely reticulate, sometimes with supratectal elements; (2) The “purple pink Cistus” clade grouping all the species with purple pink flowers belonging to the Macrostylia and Cistus sections, with rugulate or microreticulate pollen. Within this clade, the pink-flowered endemic Canarian species formed a monophyletic group, but with weak support. (3) Three Halimium clades were recovered, each with 100% bootstrap support; all Halimium species had striato-reticulate pollen. Two Halimium clades were characterized by yellow flowers, and the other by white flowers.