, Volume 277, Issue 1-2, pp 21-60
Date: 06 Jan 2009

Chromosome numbers in Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae): survey, atlas, and taxonomic conclusions

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Our study (survey, atlas of 136 microphotographs and 67 drawings) points out the actual chromosome numbers of 82 taxa of the genus Pinguicula L. They were gathered from literature and critically examined. In addition, numerous counts are published for the first time. They represent about 80% of all the taxa known. The basic chromosome numbers are x = 6, 8, 9, 11, and 14; the ploidy levels are 2n (diploid), 4n (tetraploid), 8n (octoploid) and 16n (hexadecaploid). The basic number x = 6 is a one-off, x = 8 and 11 are the most frequent in the genus; x = 14 indicates a hybridogenous differentiation process in the past. The caryological differentiation—chromosome numbers and ploidy level—is discussed with regard to distribution pattern, growth type, and infrageneric classification (at the level of sections).