Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 266, Issue 1, pp 119–145

Phylogeny of subtribe Pyrinae (formerly the Maloideae, Rosaceae): Limited resolution of a complex evolutionary history


    • Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Maine
  • R. C. Evans
    • Department of BiologyAcadia University
  • D. R. Morgan
    • Department of BiologyUniversity of West Georgia
  • T. A. Dickinson
    • Royal Ontario Museum, Botany Section
  • M. P. Arsenault
    • Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Maine

DOI: 10.1007/s00606-007-0545-y

Cite this article as:
Campbell, C., Evans, R., Morgan, D. et al. Plant Syst. Evol. (2007) 266: 119. doi:10.1007/s00606-007-0545-y


Generic relationships in the Pyrinae (equivalent to subfamily Maloideae) were assessed with six chloroplast regions and five nuclear regions. We also plotted 12 non-molecular characters onto molecular phylogenies. Chloroplast DNA trees are incongruent with those from nuclear regions, as are most nuclear regions with one another. Some of this conflict may be the result of hybridization, which occurs between many genera of Pyrinae in the present and may have occurred in the past, and duplication of nuclear loci. Sequence divergence between genera of Pyrinae, which is significantly less than that between genera of another large clade in Rosaceae, the Rosoideae, is concentrated in terminal branches, with short internal branches. This pattern is consistent with an ancient, rapid radiation, which has also been hypothesized from the fossil record. Even with about 500,000 bp of sequence, our results resolve only several small groups of genera and leave much uncertainty about phylogenetic relationships within Pyrinae.


Rapidancient radiationcpDNAGBSSIhybridizationgene duplicationPyrodaePyreae

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© Springer 2007