Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 266, Issue 1, pp 5–43

Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae

Authors

    • Department of Plant Sciences, Mail Stop 2University of California
  • T. Eriksson
    • Bergius FoundationRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences
  • R. C. Evans
    • Biology DepartmentAcadia University
  • S. Oh
    • Department of BiologyDuke University
  • J. E. E. Smedmark
    • Bergius FoundationRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences
  • D. R. Morgan
    • Department of BiologyUniversity of West Georgia
  • M. Kerr
    • Department of Cell Biology and Molecular GeneticsUniversity of Maryland
  • K. R. Robertson
    • Center for BiodiversityIllinois Natural History Survey
  • M. Arsenault
    • Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Maine
  • T. A. Dickinson
    • Department of Natural HistoryRoyal Ontario Museum
  • C. S. Campbell
    • Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Maine
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00606-007-0539-9

Cite this article as:
Potter, D., Eriksson, T., Evans, R. et al. Plant Syst. Evol. (2007) 266: 5. doi:10.1007/s00606-007-0539-9

Abstract

Phylogenetic relationships among 88 genera of Rosaceae were investigated using nucleotide sequence data from six nuclear (18S, gbssi1, gbssi2, ITS, pgip, and ppo) and four chloroplast (matK, ndhF, rbcL, and trnL-trnF) regions, separately and in various combinations, with parsimony and likelihood-based Bayesian approaches. The results were used to examine evolution of non-molecular characters and to develop a new phylogenetically based infrafamilial classification. As in previous molecular phylogenetic analyses of the family, we found strong support for monophyly of groups corresponding closely to many previously recognized tribes and subfamilies, but no previous classification was entirely supported, and relationships among the strongly supported clades were weakly resolved and/or conflicted between some data sets. We recognize three subfamilies in Rosaceae: Rosoideae, including Filipendula, Rubus, Rosa, and three tribes; Dryadoideae, comprising the four actinorhizal genera; and Spiraeoideae, comprising Lyonothamnus and seven tribes. All genera previously assigned to Amygdaloideae and Maloideae are included in Spiraeoideae. Three supertribes, one in Rosoideae and two in Spiraeoideae, are recognized.

Keywords

RosodaePyrodaeKerriodaechromosome numberfruit type

Copyright information

© Springer 2007