Plant Systematics and Evolution

, 260:1

Ribosomal DNA evidence for the diversification of Tropaeolum sect. Chilensia (Tropaeolaceae)

  • M. A. Hershkovitz
  • C. C. Hernández-Pellicer
  • M. T. K. Arroyo
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00606-006-0428-7

Cite this article as:
Hershkovitz, M.A., Hernández-Pellicer, C.C. & Arroyo, M.T.K. Plant Syst. Evol. (2006) 260: 1. doi:10.1007/s00606-006-0428-7

Abstract

Maximum parsimony and Bayesian likelihood analysis of ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences from 55 samples representing 25 species, subspecies, and/or hybrids of Tropaeolum sect. Chilensia yielded a tree with a large proportion of well-supported nodes at the interspecific and intersubspecific level. However, the tree shows samples from two species, T.azureum and T. brachyceras, arising in two different positions. Samples representing subspecies of T. hookerianum and T. leptophyllum suggest that these species are polyphyletic. The data corroborate evidence for hybridization between T. brachyceras and T. tricolor. Consideration of interfertility data, past and present Chilean ecology, and empirical evidence for the behavior of phenotypic and genotypic characters in known hybrids suggest a high likelihood that reticulate evolution has played a role in the diversification of T. sect. Chilensia. This reticulate evolution may explain the discordance between the ITS tree and the conventional taxonomy. High divergence in ITS sequences between T. sect. Chilensia and other members of Tropaeolum prohibits reliable outgroup-rooting, but midpoint rooting places the root at a partition comprising taxa whose distribution conforms to a relictual eastern-western South American disjunction described for other taxa. Within the Chilean taxa, the analysis suggests that biogeographic diversification has been from the mesophytic southern habitats northward to central mediterranean and northern arid zones.

Keywords

TropaeolumTropaeolaceaehybridizationphytogeographySouth AmericaChile

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Hershkovitz
    • 1
  • C. C. Hernández-Pellicer
    • 2
  • M. T. K. Arroyo
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Ciencias Ecológicas, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB), Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile