Tin disulfide nanoflakes decorated with gold nanoparticles for direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase and glucose biosensing
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- Li, J., Yang, Z., Zhang, Y. et al. Microchim Acta (2012) 179: 265. doi:10.1007/s00604-012-0889-z
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Previously, we have prepared nanoflake-like tin disulfide (SnS2) and used for the immobilization of proteins and biosensing. We have now modified an electrode with a composite consisting of nanoflake-like SnS2 decorated with gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) and have immobilized glucose oxidase (GOx) on its surface in order to study its direct electrochemistry. Scanning electron microscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Fourier transform IR spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry were used to examine the interaction between GOx and the AuNP-SnS2 film. It is shown that the composite film has a larger surface area and offers a microenvironment that facilitates the direct electron transfer between enzyme and electrode surface. The immobilized enzyme retains its bioactivity and undergoes a surface-controlled, reversible 2-proton and 2-electron transfer reaction, with an apparent electron transfer rate constant of 3.87 s -1. Compared to the nanoflake-like SnS2-based glucose sensor, the GOx-based biosensor exhibits a lower detection limit (1.0 :M), a better sensitivity (21.8 mA M -1 cm -2), and a wider linear range (from 0.02 to 1.3 mM). The sensor displays excellent selectivity, good reproducibility, and acceptable stability. It was successfully applied to reagentless sensing of glucose at −0.43 V.