Microchimica Acta

, Volume 172, Issue 1, pp 3–14

Microwave assisted extraction for mercury speciation analysis

Authors

    • Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
  • Jorge Luis Guzmán Mar
    • Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
  • Aracely Hernández-Ramírez
    • Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
  • Juan Manuel Peralta-Hernández
    • Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
  • Juan Manuel Alfaro Barbosa
    • Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
  • H. M. Skip Kingston
    • Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryDuquesne University
Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00604-010-0473-3

Cite this article as:
Reyes, L.H., Mar, J.L.G., Hernández-Ramírez, A. et al. Microchim Acta (2011) 172: 3. doi:10.1007/s00604-010-0473-3

Abstract

The application of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) to the work-up of environmental and biological samples in the study of mercury speciation analysis has increased in recent years and is now increasingly accepted as a standard approach. The review provides a brief theoretical background of microwave heating and the basic principles of microwave energy used for extraction. The advantages and disadvantages of (a) MAE techniques, (b) the influence of the main parameters affecting the extraction, (c) statistical optimization approaches, and (d) strategies for method validation also are highlighted. Recent applications of MAE to mercury species analyses in biological samples, soils, sediments, and crude oil samples are surveyed and critically reviewed. In addition, comparisons of its use with other well-established extraction procedures are discussed.

https://static-content.springer.com/image/art%3A10.1007%2Fs00604-010-0473-3/MediaObjects/604_2010_473_Figa_HTML.gif
Figure

Microwave-assisted extraction has become a very useful sample preparation techniques in the study of mercury speciation in environmental and biological samples

Keywords

Microwave-assisted extraction (MAE)Sample preparationSpeciation analysisMercuryMercury speciesMethod validation

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010