Few-Body Systems

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 1-36

First online:

Survey of Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors

  • I. C. CloëtAffiliated withPhysics Division, Argonne National LaboratoryDepartment of Physics, University of Washington
  • , G. EichmannAffiliated withPhysics Division, Argonne National LaboratoryInstitut für Physik, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
  • , B. El-BennichAffiliated withPhysics Division, Argonne National Laboratory
  • , T. KlähnAffiliated withPhysics Division, Argonne National Laboratory
  • , C. D. RobertsAffiliated withPhysics Division, Argonne National LaboratorySchool of Physics, The University of New South Wales Email author 

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A dressed-quark core contribution to nucleon electromagnetic form factors is calculated. It is defined by the solution of a Poincaré covariant Faddeev equation in which dressed-quarks provide the elementary degree of freedom and correlations between them are expressed via diquarks. The nucleon-photon vertex involves a single parameter; namely, a diquark charge radius. It is argued to be commensurate with the pion’s charge radius. A comprehensive analysis and explanation of the form factors is built upon this foundation. A particular feature of the study is a separation of form factor contributions into those from different diagram types and correlation sectors, and subsequently a flavour separation for each of these. Amongst the extensive body of results that one could highlight are: \({r_1^{n,u} > r_1^{n,d}}\) , owing to the presence of axial-vector quark-quark correlations; and for both the neutron and proton the ratio of Sachs electric and magnetic form factors possesses a zero.