, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 732-739
Date: 22 Jun 2013

Comparison of the Heller–Toupet procedure with the Heller–Dor procedure in patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for achalasia

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We compared the outcomes of Toupet fundoplication with those of Dor fundoplication in patients with achalasia who underwent laparoscopic Heller myotomy.


Seventy-two patients with achalasia and dysphagia underwent laparoscopic Heller myotomy with fundoplication performed by a single surgeon. Heller–Toupet fundoplication (HT) was performed in 30 patients, and Heller–Dor fundoplication (HD) was done in 42. The symptoms and esophageal function were retrospectively assessed in both groups.


The dysphagia scores significantly decreased after both the HT and HD procedures, and did not differ significantly between them. The incidence of reflux symptoms was significantly higher after HT (26.7 %) than after HD (7.1 %). The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) resting pressure significantly decreased after both HT and HD. Upon endoscopic examination, the incidence of reflux esophagitis was significantly higher after HT (38.5 %) than after HD (8.8 %). During esophageal pH monitoring, the fraction time at pH <4 was similar in the patients who underwent HT and HD.


Laparoscopic Heller myotomy provided significant improvements in the dysphagia symptoms of achalasia patients, regardless of the type of fundoplication. The incidences of reflux symptoms and reflux esophagitis were higher after HT than after HD. However, the results of pH monitoring did not differ between the procedures.