, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 340-348
Date: 20 Jun 2013

Effects of duodeno-jejunal bypass on glucose metabolism in obese rats with type 2 diabetes

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the foregut and hindgut hypotheses for metabolic surgery in obese rats with diabetes.

Methods

Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty rats were divided into a sham operation group, a partial duodeno-jejunal bypass (P-DJB) group, and a complete DJB (C-DJB) group. P-DJB is a model to test foregut hypothesis, whereas C-DJB is a model to test both hypotheses. We performed oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) on all groups at baseline, and then 4 and 8 weeks postoperatively. The rats were killed thereafter and the plasma levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY) were measured. A separate sub-group of C-DJB rats underwent OGTT after treatment with the GLP-1 antagonist, the PYY antagonist, or saline.

Results

Marked improvement of the blood glucose control during the OGTT was noted 8 weeks after C-DJB, but not 8 weeks after P-DJB or the sham operation. The serum GLP-1 and PYY levels were higher in the C-DJB group than in the other two groups. Pretreatment with the GLP-1 antagonist increased the blood glucose levels 30 min after the OGTT in the C-DJB rats.

Conclusions

Improvement in glucose metabolism after DJB was associated with the inflow of bile and pancreatic juice into the ileum, supporting validity of the hindgut hypothesis. GLP-1 appears to play a role in this improvement.