Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen related to IgG4-associated disease: report of a case
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- Kim, HH., Hur, YH., Koh, YS. et al. Surg Today (2013) 43: 930. doi:10.1007/s00595-013-0499-3
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Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation (SANT) of the spleen is a rare benign vascular mass, with fewer than 100 cases documented. It is generally recognized as a vascular lesion that develops in the red pulp of the spleen; however, its pathogenesis is not clearly defined. We report a case of SANT of the spleen, which presents evidence to support the hypothesis that this disease entity is associated with IgG4-associated disease. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of multiple vascular structures separated by fibrous connective tissue and immunohistochemical examination revealed positive staining for CD31, CD34, factor VIII, and IgG4. Further research based on large number of cases is warranted to clarify the pathogenesis of this tumor.