Review Article

Surgery Today

, Volume 37, Issue 11, pp 923-943

First online:

UFT (Tegafur and Uracil) as Postoperative Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Solid Tumors (Carcinoma of the Lung, Stomach, Colon/Rectum, and Breast): Clinical Evidence, Mechanism of Action, and Future Direction

  • Fumihiro TanakaAffiliated withDepartment of Thoracic Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine

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UFT (tegafur and uracil) is an oral anticancer drug that has been developed in Japan. Owing to its mild toxicity profile, UFT can be suitable in an adjuvant setting following a complete tumor resection, whereas its direct antitumor effect achieved may be insufficient for advanced unresectable disease. Therefore, a variety of adjuvant chemotherapy trials with UFT have been conducted, and results of well-designed randomized controlled trials have recently shown a survival benefit of postoperative UFT treatment in resected lung, gastric, colorectal, and breast cancer. In the present article, postoperative adjuvant trials with UFT-containing chemotherapy are reviewed, and the mechanism of action and future directions are also discussed.

Key words

Tegafur Uracil UFT Solid tumor Adjuvant chemotherapy