, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 295-303

Neosphincter Surgery for Fecal Incontinence: A Critical and Unbiased Review of the Relevant Literature

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Abstract

Up until about 15 years ago the only realistic option for end-stage fecal incontinence was the creation of a permanent stoma. There have since been several developments. Dynamic graciloplasty (DGP) and artificial bowel sphincter (ABS) are well-established surgical techniques, which offer the patient a chance for continence restoration and improved quality of life; however, they are unfortunately associated with high morbidity and low success rates. Several trials have been done in an attempt to clarify the advantages and disadvantages of these methods and define their place in the second-line treatment of severe, refractory fecal incontinence. This review presents a critical and unbiased overview of the current status of neosphincter surgery according to the available data in the world literature.