, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 123-126

Stapled Versus Hand-Sewn Anastomoses in Emergency Intestinal Surgery: Results of a Prospective Randomized Study

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Purpose

Methods

Between 1995 and 2001, 201 patients underwent emergency intestinal operations at the Department of Emergency Surgery of Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital. The outcomes of patients with sutured and stapled anastomoses were compared in a prospective analysis. Patients were randomly divided into a stapled group (106 anastomoses) with anastomoses made using linear and circular staplers, and a hand-sewn group (95 anastomoses) with anastomoses made by double-layer suturing.

Results

There were no significant differences between the groups in operative indications or other parameters. The operation times in the stapled group were significantly shorter than those in the hand-sewn group (P < 0.05), but there were no significant differences in anastomotic leak rates, morbidity, or postoperative mortality between the two groups.

Conclusions

In emergency intestinal surgery comparable results can be achieved using mechanical and manual anastomoses.