Acta Diabetologica

, Volume 40, Supplement 1, pp s314–s316

Body composition of Aboriginal Australian women: comparison with age-matched Caucasians

  • C. Raja
  • R. D. Hansen
  • S. Colagiuri
  • B. J. Allen
ORIGINAL

DOI: 10.1007/s00592-003-0096-9

Cite this article as:
Raja, C., Hansen, R.D., Colagiuri, S. et al. Acta Diabetol (2003) 40: s314. doi:10.1007/s00592-003-0096-9

Abstract.

Although Aboriginal Australians (AA) exhibit an android fat deposition profile and suffer from a high incidence of type 2 diabetes, a comprehensive body composition assessment of AA has not yet been reported. The body composition of 16 non-diabetic AA women and 16 healthy age- and weight-matched Caucasian women (C) showed no significant ethnic differences in height, total body bone mineral density, total and appendicular skeletal muscle mass, and % fat. The abdominal fat-to-lean soft tissue ratio correlated more highly with age in AA (r=0.79, p<0.001) than in C (r=0.59, p<0.05) and with % fat in AA (r=0.67, p<0.01) than in C (r=0.54, p<0.05). However, analysis of variance showed that the difference between the two ethnic groups was not significant. Key findings are that dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry can accurately assess adiposity, and that hip girth should emerge as a valid predictor of central adiposity, in AA women.

Key words

AdiposityCentral adiposityHip girth EthnicityAge

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Raja
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. D. Hansen
    • 3
  • S. Colagiuri
    • 3
  • B. J. Allen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CERO, Cancer Care CentreSt. George HospitalSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for In Vivo Body CompositionRoyal North Shore HospitalSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and MetabolismPrince of Wales HospitalSydneyAustralia