European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 137–141

Damage control resuscitation from major haemorrhage in polytrauma

General Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00590-013-1172-7

Cite this article as:
Carlino, W. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol (2014) 24: 137. doi:10.1007/s00590-013-1172-7
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Abstract

Trauma is a global disease that affects patients across the socio-economic spectrum. Uncontrolled major haemorrhage occurs from both blunt and penetrating trauma which may lead to hypovolaemic shock and ultimately death. In polytrauma patients that require urgent resuscitation secondary to major haemorrhage, high volume fluid infusions followed by definitive surgical care have been superseded by damage control resuscitation. DCR is a systematic approach to major trauma that integrates the principles of haemostatic resuscitation, permissive hypotension and damage control surgery (DCS). The aim of DCR is to aggressively minimise hypovolaemic shock and limit the development of coagulopathy, hypothermia and acidosis known as the lethal triad. Besides increased volumes of scientific knowledge to underpin modern trauma resuscitation techniques upon, patient survival is also dependent upon effective teamwork and leadership. In conclusion, successful resuscitation from major haemorrhage depends upon a variety of factors distilled into a trauma team with effective leadership, excellent technical and non-technical team skills as well as the early initiation of DCR.

Keywords

Damage control resuscitationMajor haemorrhageHaemostatic resuscitationPermissive hypotensionCoagulopathy

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Trauma and OrthopaedicsWeston General HospitalWeston Super MareUK