Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV and HCV in orthopaedic patients at a tertiary hospital in Greece
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- Pneumaticos, S.G., Savvidou, C., Tsiakalos, A. et al. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol (2012) 22: 57. doi:10.1007/s00590-011-0791-0
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Infections from hepatitis viruses and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as well represent a continuous risk factor to health care providers, in particular those working in surgical departments. The aim of this study was to define the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses in patients admitted in an urban, tertiary orthopaedic department in Greece. We retrospectively studied 1,694 consecutive patients who underwent several orthopaedic procedures. All patients were tested for HIV, HBV and HCV infections. Sixty-six (3.9%) of the patients were seropositive for at least one of the studied viruses. Thirty (1.7%) were positive for HBV, 34 (2%) for HCV and 2 (0.1%) for HIV. The majority of the seropositive patients were women (53%), urban areas citizens (89.4%), and of Greek nationality (83.3%). Non-Greek nationality was the only significantly predictive factor for seropositivity (χ2 = 590.2, P < 0.001). The majority of patients were not aware of their infection. A significant percentage of patients cared for at a Greek orthopaedic department were seropositive for blood-borne viruses. Non-Greek nationality is a risk factor. We believe that these data will increase awareness and will promote safer practices among health care providers in orthopaedic units.