Genetic factors seem to play a role in symptomatic lumbar disc disease (LDD). It has been shown previously that a tryptophan mutation of the COL9A2 gene is a major risk factor for LDD in a Finish population. The impact of collagen gene variations on the relapse rate after lumbar discectomy, however, has not been studied so far. Here, we conducted a cross-sectional genotyping study of patients who underwent lumbar discectomy to determine the influence of a COL9A2 mutation on the recurrence rates. Biopsy samples from 288 patients suffering from LDD with and without relapse were analyzed by PCR restriction fragment analysis and direct sequencing. The mutated Trp2 allele was not detected in the patients’ samples of the present study. However, nine patients with recurrent LDD, but only two without recurrence were homozygous for the Arg allele. Homozygosity for the Arg allele of Col9A2 seems to be more frequent in the patient group with early recurrence although the differences in the allele frequencies were statistically not significant. In contrast, the Trp2 mutation seems not to be a major susceptibility factor for LDD in a German population.