, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 237-245

Inoculation of containerized Pseudotsuga menziesii and Pinus pinaster seedlings with spores of five species of ectomycorrhizal fungi

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Abstract

 Container-grown Pseudotsuga menziesii and Pinus pinaster seedlings were inoculated with water suspensions of spores of five ectomycorrhizal fungi commonly found in northeastern Spain. Pseudotsuga menziesii seedlings were inoculated with basidiospores of Melanogaster ambiguus, or Rhizopogon subareolatus, or with ascospores of Tuber maculatum. Pinus pinaster seedlings were inoculated with basidiospores of Melanogaster ambiguus, Rhizopogon roseolus or Scleroderma citrinum. The spore concentrations were 102–107 spores per seedling for Melanogaster ambiguus (in Pseu dotsuga menziesii) and Rhizopogon subareolatus, 103–107 for Melanogaster ambiguus (in Pinus pinaster), Rhizopogon roseolus, and Scleroderma citrinum, and 102–104 for Tuber maculatum. Melanogaster ambiguus colonized more short roots in a larger proportion of plants at 107 spores per seedling than at any other rate. The highest colonization by Rhizopogon subareolatus was obtained at 104 spores per seedling and higher, and all inoculated plants became infected at 106 spores per seedling and higher. Tuber maculatum colonized a high percentage of short roots at all rates tested; the proportion of infected plants was over 80% at 103–104 spores per plant, decreasing to 50% at 102 spores per plant. Rhizopogon roseolus colonized the highest number of short roots on nearly all the inoculated plants when applied at 105 spores per seedling and higher. Scleroderma citrinum colonized a high percentage of short roots on all inoculated plants when applied at 105 spores per seedling and higher. The abundance of sporocarps of Melanogaster ambiguus, Rhizopogon subareolatus, R hizopogon roseolus and Scleroderma citrinum and their colonization ability at relatively low rates allows these spores to be used as ectomycorrhizal inocula on a large scale.

Accepted: 27 February 1996