Mycorrhiza

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 175–183

Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of halophytes in Central European salt marshes

  • Ulrich Hildebrandt
  • Katharina Janetta
  • Fouad Ouziad
  • Bettina Renne
  • Kerstin Nawrath
  • H. Bothe
ORIGINAL PAPER

DOI: 10.1007/s005720000074

Cite this article as:
Hildebrandt, U., Janetta, K., Ouziad, F. et al. Mycorrhiza (2001) 10: 175. doi:10.1007/s005720000074

Abstract

 Halophytes from both coastal and inland Central European salt marshes were examined for colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Plants from different families were strongly colonized but the degree of colonization varied with the individual plant and apparently during the vegetation period, too. Members of the typical non-mycorrhizal families like Armeria maritima of the Plumbaginaceae and Salicornia europaea of the Chenopodiaceae were found to be colonized, particularly in the drier salt marshes. High numbers of Glomus spores were found in the saline soils, especially those of the inland locations examined. Approximately 80% of these spores were from Glomus geosporum as shown by a typical restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) pattern of the amplified internal transcribed spacer regions. The present study demonstrates that RFLP analysis is useful when screening habitats for the occurrence of mycorrhizal fungi which can be identified only with difficulty by morphological criteria.

Keywords Salt marsh mycorrhizaeMycorrhizal halophytesGlomus geosporumRestriction fragment length polymorphismSalt tolerance

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Hildebrandt
    • 1
  • Katharina Janetta
    • 1
  • Fouad Ouziad
    • 1
  • Bettina Renne
    • 1
  • Kerstin Nawrath
    • 1
  • H. Bothe
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Gyrhofstrasse 15, 50923 Köln, Germany e-mail: hermann.bothe@uni-koeln.de Tel.: +49-221-4702760 Fax: +49-221-4705181DE